Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag for cattle is one of the newer tools in the cattle industry.
Radiofrequency identification is an electronic identification system comprising a transponder containing micro antennae that, when read at a specific radio frequency, emits a signal containing a unique electronic code.
RFID ear tags, RFID glass tags, and RFID rumen boluses are the three RFID cattle tag forms. All these RFID cattle tags contain an integrated circuit, an RFID antenna, and pack them in a durable material. RFID ear tags are currently the TOOL used primarily by livestock producers.
Present RFID tags used in cattle are low-frequency tags that are read at a radio frequency of 134.2 kHz (kilohertz) and and UHF(860-965MHZ) cattle tags. In the livestock sector, the RFID cattle EID tags contain a 15-digit alpha-numeric (numbers and letters) code called the Animal Identification Number (AIN). The 15-digit AIN is also printed on the outside of the RFID tag and additional information can be stored on the RFID tag.
RFID cattle tags are manufactured to comply with the standards of the International Standards Organization (ISO). Using these guidelines, tags produced by one company may be read by a reader produced by another company.
ISO 11784 and ISO 11785 are the two key ISO standards. ISO 11784 is the definition of an electronic animal identification code. The accepted protocol for transmission between the tag reader and the tags is described in ISO 11785. When selecting your RFID tags, make sure to check that the tags are ISO 11784/11785 compliant.
All RFID cattle tags are full-duplex (FDX) and half-duplex (HDX) tags. The FDX tag starts transmitting its code (15-digit AIN) as soon as it receives sufficient energy from the tag reader. Full-duplex tags keep repeating the code during the activation process.
The HDX tag is equipped with a capacitor. Once the capacitor is charged by the voltage that develops over the antenna in the activation field, the signal starts and transmits its code. The HDX tags transmit the signal one way at a time. Transmission protocols for FDX and HDX tags are in accordance with ISO 11785.
RFID cattle tags have both visual and management advantages. By identifying your cattle individually with RFID cow tags, you (and others) can more easily determine which cow is. In addition, being able to track the history and performance of the livestock helps you determine which ones are performing well.
The continuous need for improvement in management and production practices contributes to the increasingly popular use of electronic RFID cattle tags in the cattle industry. RFID ear tags for cattle are small "button-like" tags placed in the ear. Each RFID animal tag has a unique 15-digit number printed on it, and the number can also be read by scanning an RFID animal tag reader. Durable rfid livestock tags able use for the whole life of the animals.
It offers a different form of identification for each animal. Sometimes visual tags get lost, become snagged on a fence, etc, while cattle EID tags are small and are designed for high retention rates.
An animal can be identified more quickly (by scanning a tag with a reader) rather than having the animal read a visual tag or tattoo number.
Scanning the RFID cattle tag, instead of manually writing down an ear tag number, offers enormous time-saving benefits while minimizing errors. As cattle are being worked or loaded into a trailer, their RFID ear tags can be scanned while they're on the move.